The Taj Mahal is one of the Seven Wonders of the World. Taj Mahal is recognized as World Heritage site by UNESCO and The mausoleum is considered to be the best architectural accomplishment in the whole range of Indo-Islamic architecture. Its recognised architectonic beauty includes a rhythmic combination of solids and voids, concave and convex and light shadow; like arches and domes any will increase the aesthetic side. The color combination of lush inexperienced scape reddish pathway and sky over it show cases the monument in ever dynamic tints and moods. The relief work in marble and inlay with precious and semi-precious stones create it a monument apart as "the Jewel of Muslim art in India and one among the universally loved masterpieces of the world's heritage" it's the history of Taj Mahal that adds a soul to its magnificence, a soul that's full of love, loss and remorse, an example of how deeply a man wanted his wife to be known to everyone that even when she is dead he wanted her to be remained in his memory. He assured her memory would never fade away. This man was known as the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, who was head-over-heels crazy and deeply in love with his beloved wife Mumtaz.
Mumtaz Mahal, an inseparable companion of Shah Jahan, died in 1631, while birthing to their 14th child. It had been in the memory of his beloved wife that Shah Jahan built an impressive monument as a tribute to her, that we tend to these days called the "Taj Mahal". The construction of Taj Mahal started in the year 1631. The monument was built entirely out of white marble that was brought in from all over Asian country and central Asia. When an expenditure of roughly 32 million rupees, Taj Mahal was finally completed in the year 1653.
It was soon after the completion of Taj Mahal the King Shah Jahan was deposed by his own son Aurangzeb and was anaesthetize confinement at nearby Agra Fort. Shah Jahan, himself also, lies entombed in this sepulcher in conjunction with his wife. Moving further down the history, it had been at the end of the 19th century that British Viceroy Lord Curzon ordered a sweeping refurbishment project, which was completed in 1908, as a measure to restore what was lost during the Indian rebellion of 1857. Taj being blemished by British troopers and governance who also deprived the monument of its immaculate beauty by chiseling out precious stones and lazuli from its walls. Also, the British vogue lawns that we see nowadays adding to the beauty of Taj were transformed around the same time. Despite prevailing controversies, past and present threats from Indo-Pak war and environmental pollution, this epitome of love continuous to shine and attract people from all over the globe.